Divergent evolution occurs when two populations of a species become separated by a geographic barrier and experience a completely different evolutionary path due to selective pressures arising from a new environment.
A classic example of Divergent evolution is Darwin’s finches. Many of the finches on the Galapagos Islands diverged from a common ancestor and this is evidenced by the fact that most of the finches share common features, save for the ones that have changed due to pressure. These include differences in beak shape and size, body structure etc.
Explore more fascinating topics by registering at BYJU’S.