Cellular respiration is a process that takes place inside the cells, where the breakdown of glucose molecules releases energy. Based on the oxygen usage, the process can be conveniently divided into two categories, namely aerobic and anaerobic respiration.
Aerobic and anaerobic respiration both have a few similarities and differences. Let us read about it in this article.
Similarities between aerobic and anaerobic respiration
- In both aerobic and anaerobic respiration, food is broken down to release energy.
- Both take place inside cells.
- Both produce by-products.
- Energy is released in both reactions.
The difference between aerobic and anaerobic respiration is tabulated below.
|Aerobic Respiration||Anaerobic Respiration|
|It is the process of cellular respiration that takes place in the presence of oxygen gas.||It is the process of cellular respiration that takes place in the absence of oxygen gas.|
|It involves the exchange of gases between the organism and the outside environment.||Exchange of gases is absent.|
|Seen in the cytoplasm and the mitochondria||Seen only in the cytoplasm.|
|Glucose breaks down into carbon dioxide and water.||Glucose breaks down into ethyl alcohol, carbon dioxide, and energy|
|This type of respiration is found in higher organisms like mammals.||This type of respiration is found in lower organisms like bacteria.|