The science of classification is called taxonomy. It is the process of identifying differences among living things and placing them into groups that have signed similar characteristics.
Taxonomy is a science that deals with the naming, describing and classification of all living organisms including plants. Classification is based on behavioural, genetic and biochemical variations. Characterization, identification, and classification are the processes of taxonomy.
Father of taxonomy
Carolus Linnaeus is considered the Father of Taxonomy. He is the one who developed a procedure to name and organize species. Even today this procedure is being followed. His contributions to taxonomy were
- Hierarchical classification system
- Binomial nomenclature system
There are several biological classifications of taxonomy. Based on these classifications each and every organism is grouped based on its characteristics, variations and species.