What are alkyl groups? Give an example

An alkyl group is a paraffinic hydrocarbon group that may be derived from an alkane by dropping one hydrogen from the structure. Such groups are often represented in chemical formulas by the letter R and have the generic name CnH2n+1.

Alkyl group is made from an alkane (a hydrocarbon without multiple bonds) through the removal or loss of a hydrogen atom. The n-butyl and i-butyl groups are both primary groups; the secondary butyl group is a secondary group; and the tertiary butyl group is tertiary, because the central atom is attached to the three other carbon atoms in the molecule.

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