Azeotrope refers to a mixture of two liquids with a constant boiling point and composition throughout distillation. There are two types of azeotropes: minimum boiling azeotrope and maximum boiling azeotrope.
Minimum boiling azeotropes boil at a lower temperature than the boiling point of each component in the pure state. Minimum boiling azeotrope shows a more significant positive deviation from Raoult’s law to form a minimum boiling azeotrope at a specific composition.
For example,95.5 % ethyl alcohol and 4.5 % water by mass.
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