The fluid is the states of matter. These are classified into two types that are laminar flow and turbulent flow.
Laminar flow includes the predictable flow of fluid particles and follows streamlines. However, when the flow rate of fluid particles is tremendous, then the flows of particles follow with erratic motion. Thus, the region in which the flow lines are constantly changing then it is turbulent flow.
- Laminar flow or streamline flow in pipes (or tubes) occurs when a fluid flows in parallel layers, disrupting the layers.
Turbulent flow is a flow regime characterized by chaotic property changes. This includes a rapid variation of pressure and flows velocity in space and time. In contrast to laminar flow, the fluid no longer travels in layers and mixing across the tube is highly efficient.