What is Down syndrome?


Down syndrome is a hereditary condition that leads to multiple disorders, both emotionally and physically. It is due to the presence of extra chromosome 21 extra, also recognized as trisomy of chromosome 21. One of the main causes of genetic disorders worldwide is Down syndrome.

  • It is titled after the doctor who first noticed this disease, Langdon Down.
  • They are also vulnerable to numerous disorders such as leukaemia and Alzheimer’s, aside from physical characteristics and mental retardation.
  • There is no remedy, only the standard of living can be enhanced by taking special care and preparing the individual to carry out important everyday activities.
  • During early pregnancy tests, Down syndrome may be diagnosed, which may minimize the occurrence of the condition.

Symptoms of Down syndrome

Via their physical characteristics and facial expressions, individuals with Down syndrome can be easily identified. Various symptoms begin to occur slowly after they are born. Infants may be average in size, but their height remains much lower than that of the equivalent age as they grow slowly. Down syndrome’s main symptoms are as follows

  • Small height and stunted development
  • Skin folds over the eyes, slanting eyes
  • Mental retardation
  • Single transverse palm crease and hand is broad and short
  • Delay in the development of languages
  • Poor muscle tone and excessive flexibility
  • Tiny head, short neck, and teeth abnormal
  • Cognitive impairment may be mild to moderate
  • Protruding furrowed tongue, flattened nose
  • Cardiac deformities

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