What is evaporation?


Evaporation can generally be defined as a process by which a liquid is transformed into vapour. Evaporation is the process of changing the state of water from liquid to gaseous or vapour.

  • The drying of clothes is an instance of evaporation.
  • The evaporation of acetone, which is used to remove nail polish, is another example of evaporation.

Causes of evaporation

Evaporation occurs when a liquid material turns into a gas. When water gets hot, it evaporates. The molecules move and vibrate so quickly that they scatter into the atmosphere as water vapour molecules.

Various steps of evaporation

There are four major phases in the water cycle. Evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and collecting all take place in the same way. Let’s have a look at the procedures for both of them. Evaporation occurs when the sun’s heat causes water from seas, lakes, streams, glaciers, and soils to rise into the air and change into water vapour.

How to prevent evaporation?

Holding the water in the shade, adding ice or freezing it with refrigerated pipes, or limiting its exposure to light are all ways to cool it down. This lowers the kinetic energy available to the water molecules, slowing the rate of evaporation.

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