Soap is a salt. An acid and a base react with one another and neutralize into the salt or soap. This process is called saponification; as the acid and the base come into contact with one another and react, the solution is saponifying – making soap.
|Chemical Formula for Soap||C17H35COONa|
Soap is a cleaning agent produced with an alkali metal hydroxide by the chemical reaction of a fatty acid. Chemically, it is a salt made up of an alkali metal, such as sodium or potassium, and a combination of carboxylic acids called “fatty.”
Soap’s cleaning action comes from its unique ability to surround oil particles, dispersing them in water and rinsing them away easily. Soap has been used as a cleaning agent for decades and continues to be commonly used as a mild antiseptic and ingestible antidote to certain forms of poisoning.
Learn more about the mechanism behind the soaps and detergents from the video: