ATP stands for Adenosine triphosphate, an organic molecule responsible for driving nearly all cellular mechanisms and processes in living organisms. Hence, biologists often refer to ATP as the “energy currency of the cell.”
From a biochemical perspective, ATP consists of three components (nucleoside triphosphate). It has a nitrogenous base, a sugar-ribose and triphosphate. The nitrogenous base present in ATP is adenine.
ATP can be produced through several cellular mechanisms such as glycolysis and TCA Cycle. In the human body, ATP is produced by the mitochondria, a cellular organelle.
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