What is the full form of PVC, PET, HDPE, LDPE, PP and PS?

Answer:

The full form of the given terms PVC, PET, HDPE, LDPE, PP and PS are given below.

PVC

The full form of PVC is Poly Vinyl Chloride.

PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) is a strong synthetic plastics polymer. PVC was synthesized in the year 1872 by German chemist Eugen Baumann. Later in the 20th century PVC was commercially used by the Russian chemists Ivan Ostromislensky and Fritz Klatte.

  • Resin is the main component in the production of PVC.
  • It is a white, brittle solid material available in powder form or granules.
  • PVC is amorphous in nature, and hence it is easily combined with other chemicals/substances.
  • Depending on additives used in manufacturing with PVC, many qualities can be imbued in products including anti-mist, different colours, elasticity, fire retarding, flexibility, impact resistance and microbe prevention.

PET

The full form of PET is Polyethylene Terephthalate.

Polyethylene terephthalate is a condensation polymer of ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid. The by-product of the reaction to create this compound is water so it is an example of condensation or step-growth polymerization.

  • Polyethylene terephthalate is a thermoplastic synthetic substance, malleable under heat and can be placed into nearly any shape.
  • It belongs to the polyester materials community. In 1941, in the US the base material was made.

HDPE

The full form of HDPE is High-Density Polyethylene.

HDPE is a polymer whose monomer is ethylene. It is a thermoplastic with a very high strength to density ratio.

  • HDPE is a very versatile plastic that has a wide range of applications – from pipes to storage bottles.
  • When compared to other plastics, the melting point of high density polyethylene is relatively high.

LDPE

The full form of LDPE is Low-Density Polyethylene.

LDPE (low-density polyethylene) is a thermoplastic manufactured from the ethylene monomer. LDPE remains a popular plastic grade despite competition from more modern polymers.

  • Except for powerful oxidizers, it is non-reactive at room temperature, but some solvents cause it to swell.
  • Because LDPE has more branching than HDPE, it has weaker intermolecular forces, lower tensile strength, and higher resilience.
  • Because of the side branches, its molecules are less closely packed and crystalline, resulting in a lower density.

PP

The full form of PP is Polypropylene.

Polypropylene is a polymer whose monomer is propylene. The physical and chemical properties of polypropylene are quite similar to those of polyethylene in some regards.

  • Polypropylene is known to have a high melting point, making it an ideal material for the construction of microwave-friendly containers.
  • Polypropylene is chemically resistant to water, alkalis, and acids.

Ps

Ps is Positronium. It is a system consisting of an electron and its anti-particle, a positron, bound together into an exotic atom, specifically an onium. Positrons are commonly produced by a positron-emitting radioactive isotope such as Cu 64 or Na22.

Another full form of PS is PostScript.

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