When added to food, the saliva moistens the meal and helps produce a nutritious bolus that can be quickly swallowed. There’s also an essential enzyme amylase that is found in saliva & includes separating maltose and dextrin from starches. The role of saliva in the digestion of food is
- It moistens the food for easy swallowing.
- It contains a digestive enzyme called salivary amylase, which breaks down starch into sugar.
- It generates around 1.7 litres of saliva daily.