Khadar is new alluvium deposited by the rivers in their flood plains which is replenished every year. Bangar is older alluvium found in the upland area above the flood plains; Bangar is older alluvium that is not renewed by the floods.
- Bhangar soil is older alluvial soil. Large parts of the Northern Indian Plains are formed of the bhangar soil.
- The soil presents a terrace-like feature. it is not as fertile as the khadar soil.
- Khadar soil is new and younger deposits of the alluvium soil on the flood plains.
- This soil is renewed every year and is comparatively more fertile than the bhangar soil.
- The khadar is light in colour and consists of newer deposits
- Bhangar is composed of lime nodules which are also called Kanker. It has a clayey composition.