The part of the brain responsible for maintaining posture and equilibrium of the body is the Cerebellum.
This part of the brain appears to be a separate structure, distinct from the rest of the brain. It is located right below the cerebrum, which is made of two hemispheres. It is called a ‘little brain’.The cerebellum is also responsible for receiving information from the sensory organs, the spinal cord and other parts of the brain. It also regulates motor learning and movement.
There are two main parts of the cerebellum:
- Cerebellar cortex: A layer containing folded tissue containing most of the cerebellum’s neurons
- Cerebellar nuclei: The innermost part of the cerebellum containing nerve cells that communicate information from the cerebellum
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