Why Are Mitochondria Able To Make Their Own Proteins

Mitochondria possesses ribosomes as well as genetic instructions for manufacturing proteins. These instructions can be found in the mitochondrial DNA, along with other important components. Mitochondria require proteins for the breakdown of sugars and the production of adenosine triphosphate, or ATP – the energy currency of the cell. The proteins usually reside within the inner membranes of the mitochondria called the cristae.

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