The first introduction of zero was in Mesopotamia around 3 B.C. In the mid of 5th Century, it was devised in India. It later spread to Cambodia, China and other Islamic Countries at the end of the 8th century. The representation of zero changed over time from Babylonians to India via Greeks. The concept of zero can be defined as having nothing. It came into the English language through French via the Italian zero. The Sanskrit translation of zero is “Shunya”.
The definition and the usage of zero were first developed by Brahmagupta, an Indian Astronomer and Mathematician in 628. The idea of carbon dating that was revealed in recent times has a history of zero being used back in the 3rd or 4th century. The creation of zero as a number on its own evolved as a dot symbol in the Bakhshali manuscript, which is considered to be one of the greatest advancements in the field of mathematics.
Some of the explanations for 0 in different areas include:
- 0 denotes the cardinality of an empty set in set theory.
- It is the lowest ordinal number that corresponds to the empty set which is viewed as a well-ordered set.
- In mathematical logic, 0 denotes the truth value “false”.
- 0 is commonly used as a neutral element in abstract algebra.
- 0 is the bottom element of a lattice that is bounded in the lattice theory.