of atoms in the vapour phase absorbs of energy. Find the composition of formed as a result of absorption of energy. and for are and respectively?
Step 1: Given data
Weight of atoms present =
Energy absorbed by of atoms in the vapor phase =
First ionization energy for () =
Second ionization energy for () =
Step 2: Formula used.
The number of moles is calculated using the formula:
The energy absorbed is calculated using the formula:
The energy consumed for to and conversion is:
Step 3: Calculation of the number of moles.
The number of moles of atoms is calculated using the formula:
Hence moles of is converted to and .
Let us consider grams of ions and grams of ions.
as total mass is 1g
Step 4: Calculation of energy absorbed.
The energy absorbed for generating moles of ions =
The energy absorbed for generating moles of ions=
Total energy absorbed =
Step 5: Calculation of percentage of ions.
From equation (1) ,
Putting value of in equation 2:
Hence, the mass of ions is
% of ions =
Hence, of ions is present.