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Question

A solution of potassium chloride when mixed with silver nitrate solution, an insoluble white substance is formed. Write the chemical reaction involved and also mention the type of chemical reaction?


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Solution

  • When Potassium chloride reacts with Silver nitrate, the products that are formed are Potassium nitrate and Silver chloride.
  • This is called a Double displacement reaction, as both Potassium and silver are displacing each other in their compounds and thus forming Potassium nitrate and Silver chloride.
  • The complete reaction is:

KCl(aq)Potassiumchloride+AgNO3(aq)SilvernitrateAgCl(s)Silverchloride(white)+KNO3(aq)Ptassiumnitrate

  • Another type of reaction that is involved here is the Precipitation reaction.
  • This is because both the compounds(KClandAgNO3) are ionic and they form an insoluble salt of Silver chloride which is known as precipitate and thus the reaction is called Precipitation reaction.
  • This precipitate of Silver chloride is white in colour.

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