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Question

Among the following sets of examples for divergent evolution, select the incorrect option:

A
Brain of bat, man and cheetah
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B
Heart of man, bat and cheetah
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C
Forelimbs of man, bat and cheetah
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D
Eye of octopus, bat and man
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Solution

The correct option is D Eye of octopus, bat and man
The camera eye of the octopus is very similar to that of humans; phylogenetic and embryological analyses have suggested that their camera eyes have been acquired independently. It has been known as a typical example of convergent evolution.

Divergent evolution is the process in which a trait held by a common ancestor evolves into different variations over time.

A common example of divergent evolution is the vertebrate limb, brain and heart. Because they share a common evolutionary origin, these are examples of homologous structures.

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