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Question

Which of the following options given are correct examples each of convergent evolution and divergent evolution?

A
Convergent evolution Divergent evolution
Eyes of octopus and mammals Bones of forelimbs of vertebrates
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B
Convergent evolution Divergent evolution
Thorns of Bougainvillea and tendrils of Cucurbita Wings of butterflies and birds
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C
Convergent evolution Divergent evolution
Bones of forelimbs of vertebrates Wings of butterflies and birds
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D
Convergent evolution Divergent evolution
Thorns of Bougainvillea and tendrils of Cucurbita
Eye of octopus and mammals
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Solution

The correct option is A
Convergent evolution Divergent evolution
Eyes of octopus and mammals Bones of forelimbs of vertebrates

The convergent evolution occurs when similar evolutionary pressure results in the selection of similar adaptive features in different groups of organisms but contributes towards performing the same function. In the given options, the eyes of octopus and mammals, the wings of butterflies & birds are examples of analogous structures which are the result of convergent evolution.

Divergent evolution occurs when the same structure develops along different directions to adaptat to different needs. In the given options, forelimb bones of vertebrates and thorns of Bougainvillea and tendrils of Cucurbita are examples of homologous structures that are the result of divergent evolution.

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