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Question

Arrange the following boxes in proper order to make a flow chart of sugarcane crop production.
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Solution

The first step in crop cultivation is soil preparation (5) which is done to facilitate easy penetration of roots, proper aeration and growth of soil microbes. Soil preparation includes loosening and turning of soil through the process of ploughing (6). 
Soil preparation is followed by sowing (4), i.e., putting the seeds in soil. Selection of healthy seeds is prerequisite for sowing. Sowing methods include broadcasting (scattering of seeds over the field), seed drill (sowing of seeds in rows at proper depth and spacing), transplanting etc. Manures and fertilisers are nutrients which are added to soil to replenish the soil with nutrients and thereby facilitating healthy growth of plants. 
Supplementing the soil with manure is known as manuring (7). Irrigation (2) is supply of water to crop plants at regular interval to meet their need of water which is not fulfilled by rainwater alone. Removal or cutting of mature crop is referred to as harvesting (3) and is done using harvester. Harvesting of crop is followed by its storage (1) at proper dry place to ensure grain spoilage by moisture content and to prevent pathogenic infections (spoilage by rats, worms, etc).

Science
NCERT
Standard VIII

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