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Question

Assertion (A): During the eighteenth century France witnessed the emergence of a middle class.
Reason (R): The emergence of the middle class happened on account of royal patronage.

A
A is true, R is false.
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B
A is false, R is true.
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C
Both A and R is true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
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D
Both A and R is true and R is the correct explanation of A.
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Solution

The correct option is A A is true, R is false.
The eighteenth century witnessed the emergence of social groups, termed the middle class, who earned their wealth through an expanding overseas trade and from manufacture of goods such as woollen and silk textile that were either exported or bought by the richer members of society. In addition to merchants and manufacturers, the educated in the third estate included professions such as lawyers or administrative officials.

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