Describe how literature developed in India between the 19th and the early 20th centuries.
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Instructions: Discuss the progress in literature in various fields during the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Cite examples of the popular compositions of famous novelists.
Cite the names of short story writers.
Name the poets and the different languages they wrote in.
Solution: The period between the 19th and the early 20th centuries saw a significant development in various forms of literature, such as novels, short stories, and poems.
Most of the literature during the period was composed in Bengali.
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee wrote ‘Anand Math’, which is the source of our national song ‘Vande Mataram’.
Munshi Premchand wrote in Urdu and Hindi. ‘Godan’ and ‘Rangbhoomi’ are some of his popular novels.
Some of the popular short story writers of the period included Rabindranath Tagore, Premchand, Yashpal, Jatindra Kumar, and Krishan Chander.