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Question

Differentiate between :

Autosomes and Sex chromosomes.


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Solution

  1. Autosomes are the chromosomes that determine somatic characters such as body weight, length, etc. of an organism.
  2. Sex Chromosomes are the chromosomes that determine sex and sex-related hormonal traits.
AutosomesSex chromosomes
  1. Determining somatic characters mainly involves the growth of an organism.
1. Determines the gender and sex-related traits.
2. All chromosomes are of the same size, that is, homologous.
2. Chromosomes are partially homologous.
3. Follows Mendelian Inheritance.
3. Shows Non-mendelian inheritance.
4. In humans, 22 pairs of autosomes are present.
4. In humans, only one pair of chromosomes is present.


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