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Question

List any three features of the Civil Code of 1804 usually known as the Napoleonic Code.


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Solution

The Civil Code of 1804 is usually known as the Napoleonic Code. Napoleon started introducing many reforms as he kept acquiring many territories in Europe. These reforms were already introduced in France by Napoleon. Although Napoleon had destroyed democracy in France, revolutionary principles were introduced by Napoleon to make the system more efficient and rational.

The Napoleonic code

  • Secured the right to property,
  • Established equality before the law, and
  • Removed all the privileges based on birth.

Napoleon freed the peasants from manorial dues and serfdom. Administrative divisions were simplified in Germany, Italy, Switzerland, and the Dutch Republic. Exchange of goods and movement of capital from one region to another were facilitated due to the common national currency, and the introduction of standardized weights and measures. The benefits of these were reaped by small-scale producers and businessmen.

New businessmen, workers, artisans, and peasants enjoyed newfound freedom. Communication and transportation systems were improved. Guild restrictions were removed from towns.


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