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Question

Match the following:

Column IColumn IIA. Locus1. Genetic makeup of an organism.B. Homozygous2. Both the alleles of a gene are non-identical.C. Heterozygous3. Both the alleles of a gene are identical.D. Phenotype4. Position of gene on chromosome.E. Genotype5. Physical expression of gene.


A

A-4, B-3, C-2, D-1, E-5                           

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B

A-1, B-1, C-3, D-4, E-5

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C

A-5, B-4, C-3, D-2, E-1           

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D

A-4, B-3, C-2, D-5, E-1

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Solution

The correct option is C

A-4, B-3, C-2, D-5, E-1


The position of a gene on the chromosome is called locus. An organism in which both the alleles of a gene are identical is called a homozygote (the condition being homozygous). If the alleles are non-identical, the organism is a heterozygote (heterozygous condition). The physical expression of a gene is called phenotype and the genetic makeup is called genotype.


Biology

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