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Q. With reference to Indian National Movement, consider the following events:
  1. Beginning of Individual Satyagraha.
  2. Resignation of Congress Ministries.
  3. August Offer.
Arrange the above events in the correct chronological order of their occurence?

  1. 1-2-3

  2. 2-1-3

  3. 2-3-1

  4. 1-3-2


Solution

The correct option is C
2-3-1
Explanation:

2.
The Congress ministries resigned in 1939 on the war issue. Their objection was that the British government had involved India without consulting the provincial government. But even that could be tolerated if the British could satisfy Indian about their aims. The Congress working committee had made clear that Indian could not fight for freedom and democracy in Europe unless she herself was free. The viceroy Lord Linlithgow could not give any such assurance. The Congress ministries resigned towards the end of October 1939.

3. The August Offer was a proposal made by Viceroy Linlithgow in 1940 promising the expansion of the Executive Council of the Viceroy of India to include more Indians, the establishment of an advisory war council, giving full weight to minority opinion, and the recognition of Indians' right to frame their own constitution (after the end of the war).

1. October 17, 1940, Mahatma Gandhi had chosen Acharya Vinoba Bhave as the first satyagrahi to start Individual Satyagraha (movement which meant holding to the truth) and Jawaharlal Nehru as the second.

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