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Question

The type of hybridisation of P atom in PCl5,PCl+4 and PCl6 is : (respectively)

A
sp3,sp3d,sp3d2
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B
sp3d,sp3,sp2d2
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C
sp3,sp3d2,sp3
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D
sp3d2,sp3,sp3d
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Solution

The correct option is B sp3d,sp3,sp2d2
In PCl5 No, of e pairs around central atom P=5
No of lone pairs =0 and hybridisation - sp3d Shape = trigonal bipyramidal. In PCl+4number. of e pairs =4, lone pairs =0, hybridisation =sp3 and shapetetrahedral.
In PCl6 number of e pairs =6, lone pairs =0,hybridisation=sp3d2 and shape is octahedral.

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