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Question

This historian was born in 1285 and was a companion of the second Sultan of the Tughluq dynasty. He is known for stating the purpose of historiography and expanding its scope through his work. Which historian is being talked about here?


Your Answer
A
Abu Fazl
Your Answer
B
Minhaj-i-Siraj
Your Answer
C
Amir Khusrau
Correct Answer
D
Ziauddin Barani

Solution

The correct option is D Ziauddin Barani
Ziauddin Barani was a historian in the court of Muhammad bin Tughluq. In his Tarikh-i-Phiruz Shahi, he stated the purpose of historiography. He said that historians should not just write about a ruler’s victories and policies of welfare, but should also write about their failings and incorrect policies. He urged the historians to take into account the cultural impact of the teachings of the wise, the learned and the saints. Thus, he expanded the scope of historiography.

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