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Question

What are the properties of longitudinal waves?


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Solution

Longitudinal waves:

The waves that move back and forth in the same direction in a medium, are known as longitudinal waves.

Example: Sound waves.

A compression zone inside a longitudinal wave will be where the atoms are nearest to each other, and a rarefaction region in such a longitudinal wave would be where the elements are separated widely.

Properties of longitudinal waves:

  1. Since longitudinal waves require a medium to propagate, they constitute mechanical waves.
  2. Compressions, as well as rarefactions, are indeed the two components of longitudinal waves that have been observed whenever they travel through a medium.
  3. Whenever molecules or elements are further apart, rarefaction occurs.
  4. Whenever particles are near to one another, they compress.

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