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Question

What do you understand by 'endemic species' ? Name two plant species and two animal species which are endemic to Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve area.


Solution

Endemic species:-
Endemic species are those species  [plants, animals] which are found in only a particular geographical area or region.
The region where they are found can be on a continent, in a particular state, etc.

Example:-
Lemurs [ Madagascar ]

A particular type of animal or plant species may be endemic. For Ex: Sal and wild mango are 2 example of the endemic flora of the Pachmarhi Biosphere reserve. Giant squirrel, flying squirrel, bison are the 3 example of the endemic fauna of the Pachmarhi Biosphere reserve.

 


Biology
Science for Eighth Class
Standard VIII

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