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Question

What is the difference between flora, fauna and vegetation? Eichhornia crassipes is called as an exotic species, while Rauwolfia serpentina is an endemic species in India. What do these terms exotic and endemic refer to?


Solution

The difference between flora, fauna and vegetation are as below

           Flora           Fauna           VegetationFlora is a plant life occuringFauna is total number of It refers to the plant in a particular region or animals found in a particular forms of region. It istime, generally the naturallyregion at particular time.broad and general termoccurring indigenous nativeused for a plant forms,plant life.Which does not includeparticular taxa or anybotanical characteristics.

The terms exotic and endemic refers to

           Exotic Species           Endemic SpeciesAny species of a plant living in any otherEndemic species are restircted to aplace except its native place is said to beparticular area, e.g., Rauwolfia serpentina isexotic species.found only in India,so it is an endemice.g.,Eichhornia crassipes is native ofspecies found only in India.


Biology
NCERT Exemplar
Standard XI

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