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Question

Which of the following was/were considered as the main cause(s) for the outbreak of World War I?

A
Rise of capitalism
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B
Colonisation and industrialisation
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C
Policies of free trade
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D
Race for colonies by imperial powers
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Solution

The correct options are
A Rise of capitalism
B Colonisation and industrialisation
D Race for colonies by imperial powers
Between the 14th and 20th centuries, several European countries had colonised many regions across the world. They plundered resources and raw materials from these colonies, and used this wealth to build more factories, railways, and steamships within their capitalist economy. Initially the colonisers decided to follow policies of free trade. After 1870, however, these countries exerted their power through military force in order to gain imperial control of other regions.

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