Structure of CO2
The carbon dioxide molecule has two double bonds between the carbon and oxygen atoms. Each double bond is made up of one sigma and one pi bond, so a carbon dioxide molecule contains two sigma and two pi bonds.
- The bond angle in the carbon dioxide molecule is 180° between both the carbon and the two oxygen atoms, carbon dioxide has a linear structure.
- As per the hybridisation of CO2 carbon atom is sp hybridization and both oxygen atoms are hybridized by sp2.
- The two individual bonds formed in the molecule are polar because oxygen is more electronegative than carbon, but because of the cancellation of the dipole moment, the molecule is non-polar.