Describe the process of neutralisation with the help of an example.

Answer:

An acid-base reaction in which an acid combines with a base to produce salt and water is known as a neutralisation reaction. The pH of the neutralised solution depends upon the acid strength of the reactants and their concentrations. The best way to describe the neutralisation reaction is as follows:

Acid + Base → Salt + Water

Example:

When a strong acid reacts with a strong base the resultant salt is neither acidic nor basic in nature i.e. it is neutral. For example when HCl, a strong acid, reacts with NaOH, a strong base, then the resulting salt is sodium chloride and water.

HCl + NaOH → NaCl + H2O

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