Distillation refers to the specific boiling of a component in a liquid mixture and subsequent condensation. It is a separation process which can be used to either enhance a particular component’s concentration in the mixture or to acquire pure components from a mixture.
Types of Distillation
Various types of distillation are listed below.
- Simple distillation
- Steam distillation
- Fractional distillation
- Vacuum distillation
- Short path distillation
- Air-sensitive vacuum distillation
- Zone distillation
The differences between distillation and fractional distillation are tabulated below
|Distillation is a process used to separate liquids with boiling points which comprise gaps around 50 degrees at least.||Fractional Distillation is a process used to separate liquids with closer boiling points|
|Every vaporization-condensation step is recognised as simple distillation.||In a method of fractional distillation, multiple simple distillation processes are carried out with small losses in one apparatus.|
|The experimental set up is simple. Needs a simple apparatus with two simple flasks and a condenser||The experimental set up is complex. We need a complex apparatus with a fractioning column.|
|Used in the purification of seawater||Used in crude oil refining|