List the Various Differences Between Distillation and Fractional Distillation

Answer:

Distillation refers to the specific boiling of a component in a liquid mixture and subsequent condensation. It is a separation process which can be used to either enhance a particular component’s concentration in the mixture or to acquire pure components from a mixture.

Types of Distillation

Various types of distillation are listed below.

  • Simple distillation
  • Steam distillation
  • Fractional distillation
  • Vacuum distillation
  • Short path distillation
  • Air-sensitive vacuum distillation
  • Zone distillation

The differences between distillation and fractional distillation are tabulated below

Distillation

Fractional Distillation

Distillation is a process used to separate liquids with boiling points which comprise gaps around  50 degrees at least. Fractional Distillation is a process used to separate liquids with closer boiling points
Every vaporization-condensation step is recognised as simple distillation. In a method of fractional distillation, multiple simple distillation processes are carried out with small losses in one apparatus.
The experimental set up is simple. Needs a simple apparatus with two simple flasks and a condenser The experimental set up is complex. We need a complex apparatus with a fractioning column.
Used in the purification of seawater Used in crude oil refining

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