List the Various Differences Between Distillation and Fractional Distillation


Distillation refers to the specific boiling of a component in a liquid mixture and subsequent condensation. It is a separation process which can be used to either enhance a particular component’s concentration in the mixture or to acquire pure components from a mixture.

Types of Distillation

Various types of distillation are listed below.

  • Simple distillation
  • Steam distillation
  • Fractional distillation
  • Vacuum distillation
  • Short path distillation
  • Air-sensitive vacuum distillation
  • Zone distillation

The differences between distillation and fractional distillation are tabulated below


Fractional Distillation

Distillation is a process used to separate liquids with boiling points which comprise gaps around  50 degrees at least. Fractional Distillation is a process used to separate liquids with closer boiling points
Every vaporization-condensation step is recognised as simple distillation. In a method of fractional distillation, multiple simple distillation processes are carried out with small losses in one apparatus.
The experimental set up is simple. Needs a simple apparatus with two simple flasks and a condenser The experimental set up is complex. We need a complex apparatus with a fractioning column.
Used in the purification of seawater Used in crude oil refining

Was this answer helpful?


4 (18)

Upvote (26)

Choose An Option That Best Describes Your Problem

Thank you. Your Feedback will Help us Serve you better.

1 Comment

  1. Thanku for such a helpful answer

Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published. Required fields are marked *




Free Class