List the Various Differences Between Distillation and Fractional Distillation

The various differences between distillation and fractional distillation is tabulated below:

Distillation Fractional Distillation
Distillation is a process used to separate liquids with boiling points which comprises of gaps around  50 degrees at least. Fractional Distillation is a process used to separate liquids with closer boiling points
The process doesn’t have to be repeated to obtain pure components The process has to be repeated several times to obtain pure components
The experimental set up is simple. Needs a simple apparatus with two simple flasks and a condenser The experimental set up is complex. We need a complex apparatus with a fractioning column
This technique can be used to separate a solvent from solute This technique cannot be used to separate a solvent from solute
Used in the purification of seawater Used in crude oil refining

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