Difference between Inductive Effect and Mesomeric Effect

Inductive Effect

Mesomeric Effect

It operates in saturated compounds.

It operates in unsaturated compounds.

The electron pair is slightly displaced from its position and hence partial charges are developed.

The electron pair is completely transferred and hence unit positive and negative charges are developed.

It is transmitted over a short distance it becomes negligible after the second carbon atom in the chain.

It is transmitted through the entire chain provided conjugation is present.

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