Horizontal underground stem is called as ______

A horizontal underground stem is known as Rhizomes.


Rhizomes are also called root stalks. They are the underground growth of plants from which the parts which grow above the ground develop. A rhizome usually grows perpendicular to the direction of the force of gravity, i.e. they grow horizontal.

Characteristics of Rhizomes

  • These adapted stems allow parent plants to produce offspring through asexual reproduction (vegetative propagation).
  • Rhizomes are food providers that store starches underground in the case of turmeric, ginger, and lotus.
  • Rhizomes also protect perennial plants by providing them energy throughout winters.
  • The main function of rhizomes is to store food for the plant to survive harsh weather conditions.


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