Horizontal underground stem is called as ______

A horizontal underground stem is known as Rhizomes.

Rhizomes

Rhizomes are also called root stalks. They are the underground growth of plants from which the parts which grow above the ground develop. A rhizome usually grows perpendicular to the direction of the force of gravity, i.e. they grow horizontal.

Characteristics of Rhizomes

  • These adapted stems allow parent plants to produce offspring through asexual reproduction (vegetative propagation).
  • Rhizomes are food providers that store starches underground in the case of turmeric, ginger, and lotus.
  • Rhizomes also protect perennial plants by providing them energy throughout winters.
  • The main function of rhizomes is to store food for the plant to survive harsh weather conditions.

 

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