How do you write a balanced equation for the combination of magnesium and oxygen to form magnesium oxide, MgO?

Magnesium has a charge of 2+, while oxygen has a charge of 2−. The burning of magnesium metal reacts with oxygen found in the air (oxygen gas) to form magnesium oxide.

magnesium + oxygen → magnesium oxide

2Mg(s)+O2(g)→2MgO

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