In BH3, B is sp2 hybridized. In BeH2, BeF2 and BeCl2, Be is sp hybridized.
When two atomic orbitals combine to form a hybrid orbital in a molecule, the energy of individual atoms’ orbitals is redistributed to give orbitals of equal energy and the process is known as hybridization. Hybrid orbitals are the new orbitals that emerge from this process.
Different types of hybridization
The hybridization can be categorized depending on the nature of the mixing orbitals.
- sp hybridization
- sp2 hybridization
- sp3 hybridization
- sp3d hybridization
- sp3d2 hybridization
- sp3d3 hybridization