Electrode potential is the tendency of an electrode to accept or to lose electrons. The potential of an electrode is the potential difference between it and the electrolyte surrounding the electrode.
The factors affecting the magnitude of electrode potential is
- Nature of metal or electrode
- The concentration of metal ions in solution
The value of electrode potential developed on an electrode also depends on
- The concentration of ions in solution
- The temperature of the system
- Chemical nature of the metal or nonmetal
- A number of electrons transferred in the half cell reactions.
- It does not depend on the electrode.