Name the first national park in the world. Write the name of the country in which it was established.

The first National Park of the world is Yellowstone national park which was established in 1872 in United States of America. The park is popular for its wildlife and its many geothermal features. The vast forests and grasslands comprise of unique species of plants.

Area

The area of the park is approximately 2,219,791 acres (8,983.18 km2). The park consists of lakes, canyons, rivers and mountain ranges.

Flora and Fauna

  • Approximately over 1,700 species of trees and other vascular plants are native to the park.
  • Over 170 species are considered to be exotic species and are non-native.
  • The Yellowstone sand verbena is a rare flowering plant which is found only in Yellowstone.
  • There are almost 60 species of mammals in the park, that includes the Rocky Mountain wolf, coyote, the Canadian lynx, cougars, and black and grizzly bears.
  • It is the finest megafauna wildlife habitat in the lower 48 states.
  • Few other large mammals include the bison, elk, moose, mule deer, white-tailed deer, mountain goat, pronghorn, and bighorn sheep.

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