The Rutherford model of an atom is similar to the Solar system.
Rutherford model of an atom and solar system
A British Physicist Ernest Rutherford proposed an atomic structure model known as Rutherford’s Model of Atoms. The nucleus is the centre, with electrons revolving around it. Rutherford proposed that an atom comprises space, mostly with an electron orbiting predictable paths around a fixed, positively charged nucleus. He experimented with studying the deflection produced in the trajectory of α-particles after interaction with the thin sheet of gold. To study the deflection, he placed a screen made up of zinc sulphide around the gold foil.
- In the solar system, different planets revolve around the sun in the same manner; in an atom, the electron is revolving around the nucleus.
- In 1913, Niels Bohr proposed the ‘Solar System’ model of the atom, also known as the Rutherford-Bohr model