What are the properties Of Longitudinal Waves?

Mechanical waves are classified into two categories and they are:

  1. Transverse waves
  2. Longitudinal waves

Longitudinal waves are defined as the waves that move back and forth in the same direction in a medium. Sound waves are examples of longitudinal waves.

Following are the properties of longitudinal waves:

  • Longitudinal waves are mechanical waves because they need a medium for their propagation.
  • Compressions and rarefactions are the two parts of the longitudinal waves that are seen when they propagate in a medium.
  • Compression takes place when the particles are close to each other.
  • Rarefaction takes place when the particles are far apart.

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