Organic compounds are much more complex than inorganic compounds. Organic compounds make up the cells and other structures of organisms and carry our life processes. The four major classes of organic compounds found in the body are Carbohydrates, Lipids (fats), Proteins and Nucleic acid.
- Carbohydrates – Carbohydrates are the most common type of organic compound. Carbohydrates are one of the essential food ingredients, which we all require. They are essential for human health because they supply short-term.
- Lipids (fats) – Lipids are fatty substances that are organic and do not dissolve in water because of their chemical structure. Fats is frequently used as another name for lipids.
- Proteins – Proteins are macromolecules composed of polymeric chains of amino acids linked together in a sequence that is unique for each protein.
- Nucleic acid – Nucleic acids and their components play an important role in a variety of fundamental biological processes.