What is the full form of DGP, DSP, SP, ASP, ACP?


The term DGP, DSP, SP, ASP, ACP are related to the police force. The full form of these terms are

DGP – Director General of Police

DSP – Deputy Superintendent of Police

SP – Superintendent of Police

ASP – Assistant Superintendent of Police

ACP – Assistant Commissioner of Police

Let us now study in-depth about the full forms mentioned above. The role of the police is numerous and each police has its own roles and duties.

Director-General of Police (DGP)

  • DGP is the highest-ranking police in the Indian state and Union Territory.
  • They are also known as State Police Chief.
  • Director-General of Police (DGP) holds a 3-star rank.
  • DGP is selected from the Indian Police Service (IPS) cadre.
  • The DGP is appointed by the cabinet.
  • Other police officers in the state holding the rank of DGP are Director General of Civil Defence, Fire Forces, Director General of Prisons, Criminal Investigation Department (CID), Director of Vigilance and Anti-Corruption Bureau.
  • Police officers holding the rank of DGP could have appointments in other Central Government organisations like Director General (DG), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Director of Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).

Deputy Superintendent of Police

  • A DSP is most commonly known as a sub-divisional police officer (SDPO) who is in charge of a subdivision in the state of West Bengal.
  • The rank is commonly known as circle officer (CO), here CO is not a rank but a post, in the states of Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.
  • Deputy superintendents are now, state police officers who are promoted from the inspector or they are direct entrants at that rank.

Superintendent of Police

  • The head of the police force of a district is the Superintendent of police in smaller districts. 
  • The Superintendent of Police is the head of a large rural or urban area within a district, in case the district has a Senior Superintendent as the head of the Police force.
  • The rank of superintendent of police is equivalent to the rank of senior Captain or major or lieutenant colonel in the Indian Army.
  • Superintendents of police are the officers of either the Indian Police Service (IPS) or State Police Service.
  • The district head of non-metropolitan districts in India is the Superintendent of Police.

Assistant Superintendent of Police

  • The Police officer holding this rank of Assistant Superintendent of Police is from the Indian Police Service (IPS).
  •  Assistant Superintendent of Police is the starting rank of all Indian Police Service (IPS) officers.
  • Assistant Superintendent of Police is a probationary rank.  

Assistant Commissioner of Police

  • Senior officers who belong to the Indian Police Service (IPS) may hold the post of Assistant Commissioner of Police.

Check out the video for more information on the role of the police department

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