What is the function of the stomach?


The stomach serves as a muscular bag that is situated towards the left side of the abdominal cavity, beneath the diaphragm. This vital organ acts as a storage for the food and provides enough time to digest meals. The stomach also produces digestive enzymes and hydrochloric acid that maintains the process of digestion.

Function of stomach

  • The stomach is a sack-like muscle organ positioned directly below the liver on the upper-left side of the abdomen.
  • The stomach’s main job is to store and digest the food and drink we take during our meals.
  • It produces hydrochloric acid and enzymes that aid in the digestion of food and other foreign particles such as germs.
  • This acid release can create stomach ulcers, however, the acid does not burn the stomach because the stomach lining is protected by sticky mucus, which protects the stomach lining from the acid utilised in digestion.
  • The undesirable bacteria are also killed by the stomach’s acidic environment.
  • The stomach structure is such that the stomach muscles contract at regular intervals to churn the food and enhance the digestion process.
  • About 40 minutes to a few hours are taken by the stomach to break down the food.

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