Write a note on deforestation

Deforestation refers to the removal of forest cover where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use. The loss of the forest cover results change in the climatic condition and also affects the biodiversity which in turn threatens the life of the people.

Causes of Deforestation

The primary anthropogenic activities (human activities) that contribute to deforestation include:

  • Agriculture – small-scale and large scale farming
  • Logging – cutting of trees for use as raw material
  • Mining and urban expansion – clearing of forest area for the construction of infrastructure.

Environmental effects

The most important negative consequences of deforestation is global warming and climate change. Over 20% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions can be sourced to the deforestation of tropical rainforests. Since the roots of trees provide support to the surrounding soil, deforestation also contributes towards soil erosion (the removal of trees makes the soil vulnerable to erosion).

Controlling deforestation

  1. Plant a tree.
  2. Use less paper.
  3. Recycle paper and cardboard.
  4. Use recycled products.
  5. Buy only sustainable wood products.
  6. Don’t buy products containing palm oil.
  7. Do not burn firewood excessively.
  8. Spread Awareness And Raise Consciousness

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