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Question

The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 provides for which of the following rights?

  1. Right to live in the forest
  2. Right to self cultivate
  3. Right to hunt
  4. Right to use minor forest produce
  5. Right to fishing and grazing           

Codes :


  1. 3, 4 and 5 Only

  2. 1, 2, 4 and 5 Only

  3. All of these

  4. 1, 2 and 4 Only


Solution

The correct option is B

1, 2, 4 and 5 Only


The Scheduled Tribes (Recognition of Forest Rights) Bill, 2005 seeks to recognise forest rights of forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes (FDSTs) who have been occupying the land before October 25, 1980.

An FDST nuclear family would be entitled to the land currently occupied subject to a maximum of 2.5 hectares.

In core areas of National Parks and Sanctuaries, an FDST would be given provisional land rights for five years, within which period he would be relocated and compensated.

The Bill outlines 12 forest rights which include the right to live in the forest, to self cultivate, and to use minor forest produce. Activities such as hunting and trapping are prohibited.

‘Community rights’  includes rights such as (a) ownership, access to collect, use and dispose of minor forest produce, (b) fishing and grazing, and (c) conversion of all forest villages into revenue villages.

The Gram Sabha shall monitor the Forest Rights Committee constituted for the protection of wildlife, forest and biodiversity. It has to approve all decisions of the committee pertaining to the issue of transit permits to transport minor forest produce, use of income from sale of produce, or modification of management plans. The collection of minor forest produce is to be free of all fees. The committee has to prepare a conservation and management plan for community forest resources.

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Q2.

Q77. Consider the following statements about ‘Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006’

1. It grants legal recognition to the rights of traditional forest dwelling communities, partially correcting the injustice caused by the forest laws

2. It gives the community the right to protect and manage the forest

3. It provides for rights to use and/or collect the ‘Minor forest produce’

Select the correct statements:

अनुसूचित जनजाति एवं अन्य परंपरागत वन निवासी (वन अधिकारों की मान्यता) अधिनियम, 2006 के संबंध में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें।

1. यह वन्य कानूनों के कारण अन्याय को आंशिक रूप से सुधारते हुए परंपरागत वन निवास समुदायों के अधिकारों को कानूनी मान्यता प्रदान करता है|

2. इस समुदाय को जंगल की रक्षा और प्रबंधन का अधिकार देता है|

3. यह 'लघु वन उत्पादन' का उपयोग करने और / या एकत्र करने का अधिकार प्रदान करता है|

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