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Q2. Consider the following statements about Forest Rights Act (FRA) 2006:

1. It concerns the rights of forest-dwelling communities to land and other resources, denied to them over decades as a result of the continuance of colonial forest laws in India

2. The Act grants legal recognition to the rights of traditional forest dwelling communities, partially correcting the injustice caused by the forest laws.

Which of the above statements are correct?


A

a) 1 only

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B

b) 2 only

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C

c) Both 1 and 2

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D

d) Neither 1 nor 2

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Solution

The correct option is C

c) Both 1 and 2


Forest Rights Act (FRA) 2006:

  • The legislation was passed in December 2006
  • It concerns the rights of forest-dwelling communities to land and other resources, denied to them over decades as a result of the continuance of colonial forest laws in India.
  • The Act grants legal recognition to the rights of traditional forest dwelling communities, partially correcting the injustice caused by the forest laws.

Rights under the Act:

  • Title rights – i.e. ownership to land that is being farmed by tribals or forest dwellers subject to a maximum of 4 hectares; ownership is only for land that is actually being cultivated by the concerned family, meaning that no new lands are granted.
  • Use rights – to minor forest produce (also including ownership), to grazing areas, to pastoralist routes, etc.
  • Relief and development rights – to rehabilitation in case of illegal eviction or forced displacement; and to basic amenities, subject to restrictions for forest protection.
  • Forest management rights – to protect forests and wildlife.

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Q.

Q77. Consider the following statements about ‘Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006’

1. It grants legal recognition to the rights of traditional forest dwelling communities, partially correcting the injustice caused by the forest laws

2. It gives the community the right to protect and manage the forest

3. It provides for rights to use and/or collect the ‘Minor forest produce’

Select the correct statements:

अनुसूचित जनजाति एवं अन्य परंपरागत वन निवासी (वन अधिकारों की मान्यता) अधिनियम, 2006 के संबंध में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें।

1. यह वन्य कानूनों के कारण अन्याय को आंशिक रूप से सुधारते हुए परंपरागत वन निवास समुदायों के अधिकारों को कानूनी मान्यता प्रदान करता है|

2. इस समुदाय को जंगल की रक्षा और प्रबंधन का अधिकार देता है|

3. यह 'लघु वन उत्पादन' का उपयोग करने और / या एकत्र करने का अधिकार प्रदान करता है|

सही कथनों का चयन करें:


Q. Q. Consider the following statements with regards to the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006:Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Q. अनुसूचित जनजाति और अन्य पारंपरिक वन निवासी (वन अधिकारों की मान्यता) अधिनियम 2006 के संबंध में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार कीजिए:
  1. यह इसका प्रावधान करता है कि सत्यापन प्रक्रिया पूरी होने तक किसी भी पारंपरिक वनवासी को उसके कब्जे वाले वन भूमि से बेदखल या हटाया नहीं जाएगा।
  2. यह अन्य पारंपरिक वनवासियों के वन अधिकारों को मान्यता प्रदान करता है, जिनकी कम से कम तीन पीढ़ियां वन भूमि में निवास करती हैं।
  3. यह पारंपरिक वनवासियों को उचित और हस्तांतरणीय अधिकार प्रदान करता है।
उपर्युक्त कथनों में से कौन सा/से सही है/हैं?

  1. 1 and 2 only
    केवल 1 और 2

  2. 2 and 3 only
    केवल 2 और 3

  3. 3 only
    केवल 3

  4. 1, 2 and 3
    1, 2 और 3
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